Sweden is one of the major donors to the UN system. Our share of the budget amounts to approximately one per cent. In addition, Sweden provides considerable voluntary contributions every year to the UN's specialised agencies, development cooperation and humanitarian operations.
Sweden emphasises the importance of the UN being governed and administered in a functional and cost-effective way. By highlighting the need for increased coordination between different parts of the UN system, Sweden wants the UN to become better at using its resources and improve the quality of its activities. Decisions on reallocations, the phase-out of obsolete activities and deadlines for programmes are necessary for the UN to be able to put resources into emerging, priority issues within existing budget frameworks. At the same time, Sweden advocates the view that the UN should have sufficient resources to carry out the tasks assigned to it by its members.
In line with the reform agenda's push for increased core support and flexible financing, Sweden will remain one of the largest donors to the UN's Country-Based Pooled Funds (CBPF) and the UN Central Emergency Response Fund (CERF). Sweden also enters into multiyear agreements with CERF and other UN humanitarian organisations. As one of the world's largest donors, Sweden shows that flexible financing is a successful concept that results in a more effective response based on people's needs, reduced administrative costs and greater scope for humanitarian organisations to follow their mandates, with a better chance of making a difference in a rapidly changing world.
Sweden's financial involvement in the UN system*
Sweden is the sixth largest financial donor to the UN system, and through Sida alone Sweden contributed SEK 6.2 billion to the UN system in 2017. Sweden is one of few countries that meets the UN development assistance target of 0.7 per cent of GNI.
In 2016–2018, Sweden accounts for approximately one per cent of the UN's regular budget. Sweden's assessed contributions for 2016–2017 were estimated at approximately SEK 419 million (USD 50 million).
Of Sweden's total development assistance, 32 per cent is multilateral core support, of which 38 per cent is channelled through the UN.
Development: Sweden's support to UN development-oriented programmes is among the largest in the world. Regarding core support, in 2017 Sweden was the second-largest donor to the UNDP with SEK 620 million (core support in 2018 amounts to SEK 630 million), the second-largest donor to UNICEF with SEK 744 million (SEK 650 million in 2018) and the largest donor to the UNFPA with SEK 575 million (SEK 616 million in 2018). Sweden is also one of the largest donors to UNAIDS to which core support in 2017 amounted to SEK 260 million (the amount for 2018 is SEK 314 million).
Humanitarian assistance: In 2017, Sweden was the sixth-largest bilateral humanitarian donor, after the US, Germany, the UK, Japan and Canada, contributing approx. SEK 4.9 billion. Sweden has long been one of the largest donors of non-earmarked core support to the humanitarian UN bodies. Sweden contributes through Sida at country-specific level, where a large share of the 2017 humanitarian assistance went to the four biggest crises: the Syrian crisis, Yemen, Somalia and South Sudan.
Human rights: In the area of human rights and the rule of law, Sweden was the second largest donor of voluntary contributions to the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR), providing a total of approximately SEK 140 million (USD 15.9 million) in 2017. This included both core support and direct support to a number of OHCHR field offices.
Gender equality: Sweden was proactive in the creation of UN Women and, since 2013, has been the largest donor of overall support to the organisation of all member states. In 2017, Sweden was the second largest donor of core support, providing a total of SEK 140 million (a decision has been taken to provide SEK 134 million for 2018).
Climate: Sweden is one of the largest donors in climate financing, and is highly engaged in mobilising an annual global climate financing total of USD 100 billion from various sources by 2020. Sweden has pledged SEK 4 billion (approximately USD 480 million) to the Green Climate Fund, making Sweden the largest per capita donor. Sweden is also one of the largest donors to other environment and climate funds, such as the Global Environmental Facility, the Adaptation Fund and the Least Developed Countries Fund. Sweden also provides comprehensive bilateral support in the area of climate change.
Peace support: In 2018, Sweden is expected to provide approximately SEK 525 million (approximately USD 60 million), which is assessed for the UN peacekeeping operations budget. At present, more than 400 Swedes are serving the UN in some ten different field missions, primarily in MINUSMA/Mali (approximately 320 people). For 2018, it is planned to increase the contribution to the UN Peacebuilding Fund to SEK 190 million.
* Exchange rate fluctuations may affect these figures