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Sweden & Tanzania

Land Security

Sweden contributes to strengthening land rights of both small scale farmers and large scale investors, with strong focus on rights of women.


Land in Tanzania mainland is categorized into three types:

  • Village land covers about 70 percent and accommodates about 80 percent of the population in rural area. It is under administration of the Village Council.
  • Reserved land covers 28 percent comprises forestry land, national parks and game reserves, land reserved for public utilities etc, and is managed by relevant conservation authorities. 
  • General land covers about 2 percent and consists of all land that is in urban areas, plots and farms. It is administered by Commissioner for Lands.

Unclear and sometimes conflicting land rights – and conflicting land uses - can negatively influence land related investments, and can be a constraint for small scale farmers and land users that reduces opportunities for productive investments. It can also increase costs, and interest in investing, for larger scale investor, particularly if there are risks of land conflicts. Women´s rights to land are officially safe-guarded, but are often not respected in practice. Security regarding land rights for different user groups, including pastoralists, is an important transparency and rights issue.

Swedish support

Support to the land sector is a relatively new area in the Results Strategy and the expected result is:

  • Increased legal security regarding land rights for small-scale farmers and large-scale investors. 

The Swedish support to the Ministry of Lands Housing and Human Settlement Development (MLHHSD) through the Land Tenure Support Programme (LTSP) focuses on initiatives which aim to strengthen the land administration systems and improve good governance of land, and on ensuring active involvement and rights of other stakeholders (private sector, civil society etc ). Support is mainly channelled to the MLHHSD, with complimentary parallel support provided to Civil Society. Research on land issues is supported under the research collaboration.

The key components are:

  • Transparency and benefits of large land deals
  • Policy and Institutional Development.
  • Regularisation of land tenure in the three districts (Kilombero, Malinyi and Ulanga)

The main dialogue issues are:

  • Reducing laws and practices that discriminate women for having access to land (e.g. inheritance).
  • Securing land rights for other vulnerable groups, including pastoralists.
  • Resettlement Policy and Act to comply with international (IFC) standard.

On-going and anticipated contributions include:

  • Support to Legal and Human Rights Centre (LHRC), which among other issues work on land rights.
  • Research and capacity building at Ardhi University (ARU).
  • The Tanzania Land Tenure Support Programme, implemented by Ministry of Lands, Housing and Human Settlement. Agreement for this three year programme, co-funded by Danida and DfID.
  • Research and capacity building at Ardhi University (ARU).

Recent results

  • By the end of LTSP’s first year, 18 villages were furnished with Village Land Use Plans (VLUPs) while 12,238 land parcels were adjudicated and demarcated for the issuing of Certificates of Customary Right of Occupancy (CCROs) in an addition to 50 surveyed village boun


Victor Mollel (

Last updated 02 Jan 2018, 2.04 PM